About Kaifeng

A Brief Introduction of Kaifeng

Kaifeng is located in the hinterland of the Central Plains and at the side of the Yellow River. Kaifeng is one of the eight China’s ancient capitals, historical and cultural city, a marvelous tourism city, City of Chrysanthemum, City of Chinese calligraphy, Culture Collection City, the subject city for Zhengzhou airport comprehensive economic experimental zone and economic core city in the central plains. It has a total area of 6266 square kilometers and a population of 5.48 million people. It governs Qixian County, Tongxu County, Weishi County, Lankao County (directly under the jurisdiction of Henan Province), Xiangfu District, Longting District, Shunhe District, Gulou District,Yu Wangtai District and the urban and rurual integration demonstration area.

Kaifeng has a long history. If you ever pay a visit to Kaifeng, you can taste its historic glory. Kaifeng by now has a history of 4100 years of being both a city and a capital. It is known as the "capital of eight dynasties" because it has been the capital during the Xia,Wei in the Warring States period, Hou Liang in the Five Dynasties, Hou Jin, Hou Han, Hou Zhou, Northern Song and Jin. Especially during the Northern Song dynasty, Kaifeng saw 9 emperors who altogether reigned 168 years when there were a population more than a million people and Kaifeng was one of the richest capitals in the world. Kaifeng was by then the nation's political, economical, cultural center and a metropolitan city. The famous painting of "River Side Scene at QingMing Festival" by Zhang Zeduan vividly painted the glory of Kaifeng.
     
Kaifeng cultivated the Song culture which connects the Han and Tang Dynasty with the Ming and Qing Dynasty. There emerged so many celebrities such as the ruthless arbiter Bao, General Yang’s who devoted whole family to defending the nation, national hero Yuefei, statesman Wang Anshi who carried out reforms to prosper the country, Sir Xin Lin who defeated Qin to save Zhao, painter Zhang Zeduan, writer Caiji, poet Ruanji, Jiao Yulu who set himself as a good example as a county secretary to serve the people, educator Lin Boxiang, historian Fan Wenlan, philosopher Feng Youlan, and so on. In addition, Kaifeng is also the homeland of famous operas, woodblock New Year picture, and traditional drum art. It witnessed a long and splendid history of the culture of celebrities, Song poem culture, food culture, the Yellow River culture and the culture of traditional local government.
Beautiful sceneries are everywhere in kaifeng. Its natural beauty and cultural landscape integrate with each other. There are 8 scenic spots ranking 5A or 4A, namely, QingmingRiverside Scene Park, Longting Pavalion Park; 19 key cultural relics preserves including the Kaifeng City Wall and the Iron Tower; five lakes and four rivers are scattering in the city, covering a water area of 170 acers, i. e. one fourth of the whole city’s area. Therefore, Kaifeng is renowned as the Water City in the north.   Every year in Kaifeng, Qingming Cultural Events held in spring and Chrysanthemum Exhibition in autumn has drawn tourists from home and abroad to enjoy Song culture, taste Kaifeng food, and appreciate chrysanthemums. With the construction and development of the national demonstration zone for cultural industries in Song dynasty, the hardware, image and function for international tourism are improved increasingly day by day. A delicate and attractive, ancient yet modern city for international cultural tourism has been established.

Kaifeng is empowered with a hope for a soaring development. It is the core city of the economic zone in central China, the main city of Zhengzhou airport comprehensive economic experimental zone, an innovative demonstrative zone of the heritage for Chinese history and civilization, an important wing in the integrative development for Zhengzhou and Kaifeng. It has a complete industrial base. Automobiles and parts manufacturing, equipments, chemical industry, biological medicine, electronic information are all under development. Kaifeng is rich in agricultural products. It is an important area to produce wheat, peanut and cotton. The production of watermelons and peanuts ranks first in Henan Province, and garlic the second in China. Kaifeng has now formed the agricultural chain of wheat, peanut, fertilizer-free-fruits and vegetables, chrysanthemum. Kaifeng is enjoying a good transportaion with Longhai railway, ZhengXu railway through the city, and Jingguang, Jingjiu railroad neighbouring the city. The four expressways of Lianhuo, Rinan, Daguang and Zhengmin run across each other. Zhengkai Road and Zhnegkai Road for logistics and Zhengbian Road go straight to Zhengzhou, the capital city of Henan province where it takes 30 minutes to arrive the airport in Xinzheng. It takes only 28 minutes to take a train along Zhengkai railway to reach Zhengzhou HRS East Station which connects with the subway. The regional prominence of Kaifeng will manifest after completing Zhengxu high-speed railway, Jixi and Shangdeng expressways. With the government including the Central Economic Zone and Zhengzhou Airport Comprehensive Economic Experimental Zone into a national strategy, the provincial government clearly proposes to accelerate the development of the integration of Zhengzhou and Kaifeng, the promotion of Kaifeng as the deputy center city. Kaifeng has become a liveliest city of development in Henan Province, even in the central areas of China.